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Volcano World
University of North Dakota
Presentation on volcanoes, from volcanologists at the University of North Dakota and other institutions. Features information on the world's active volcanoes, lists and maps of volcanic parks and monuments, photo and video galleries, lists of volcano observatories, a glossary of volcanic and geologic terms, and details on volcanoes on other planets. Additional resources include several interactive games and activities for children, lesson plans and other learning materials for students and teachers, and volcano news and events coverage.

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
National Park Service
Official site of this national park in Hawaii, which contains two active volcanoes. Provides details about activities, a map, and visitor information.

Michigan Technical University Volcanoes Page
Organization of volcanologists providing information on the current state of, and research about, active volcanoes. Includes sections with definitions, global reference maps, current reports on volcanic hazards, and a journal.

New Zealand Volcanoes
Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences
News bulletins and information on active volcanoes in New Zealand.

Volcano Web
Maricopa Center for Learning and Instruction
Interactive project suitable for upper elementary and middle school students, focusing on volcano research through the Internet. Provides explanations of volcano terminology and detailed descriptions and graphics of eruptions and landforms. Features images and information on the two active volcanic areas in the U.S. and volcanic landforms on Mars.

The Active Earth
Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences
Exploration of New Zealand's earthquakes, volcanoes, and geology. Includes updates of possible danger spots.

Cascades Volcano Observatory
U.S. Geological Survey
Volcanology research center in Vancouver, Washington. Contains extensive profiles of volcanoes worldwide including Mount St. Helens, descriptions of the different kinds of volcano eruptions, a volcano FAQ section, a glossary, and a photo gallery of volcanoes and volcanic activity. Sections on the center's research detail monitoring techniques and volcano hazards.

National Public Radio
Audio report on the study of underwater volcanoes, by Neal Conan on NPR's Weekend Edition Saturday (June 13, 1998). Discusses efforts to make recordings of the sounds of an underwater volcano off the coast of Hawaii. Includes an interview with geologist and volcano expert Fred Donnebier.

More Web Sites
Encyclopędia Britannica

Volcanism and tectonic activity
  from volcano
Active volcanoes are not scattered over the Earth randomly; instead, most occur in belts, especially in the island arcs and mountain ranges bordering the Pacific Ocean (Figure 5). The concept of seafloor spreading and, more broadly, the theory of plate tectonics offer a logical explanation for the...

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
national park encompassing a volcanic area along the southeastern shore of Hawaii Island, U.S., southwest of Hilo. Established in 1961 and formerly a part of Hawaii National Park, it occupies an area of 359 square miles (930 square km) and includes two active volcanoes--Mauna Loa and Kilauea--25...

Hazards from various types of volcanic eruptions
  from volcano
The list of hazards associated with volcanic eruptions is long and varied: explosions, toxic gas clouds, ash falls, pyroclastic flows, avalanches, tsunamis, mudflows, and lava flows, as well as secondary effects such as fluoride poisoning, starvation, and disease.

Intraplate volcanism
  from volcano
The 5 percent of known world volcanoes that are not closely related to plate margins are generally regarded as hot-spot volcanoes. Hawaiian volcanoes are the best examples of this type, and though they occur near the centre of the northern portion of the Pacific Plate, they show a dramatic...

Etna (Mount)
Sicilian Mongibello, active volcano on the east coast of Sicily. The name comes from the Greek Aitne, from aitho, "I burn." Etna is the highest active volcano in Europe, its topmost elevation being more than 10,000 ft (3,200 m). Like other active volcanoes, its height varies: in 1865, for example,...

Klyuchevskaya Volcano
active volcano of the Kamchatka Peninsula, far eastern Russia. It is one of the highest active volcanoes in the world, rising to a height of 15,584 feet (4,750 m), the highest point on the peninsula. The volcano consists of a truncated cone with a central crater, with some 70 lateral craters and...

any of various processes and phenomena associated with the surficial discharge of molten rock or hot water and steam, including volcanoes, geysers, and fumaroles. Although volcanism is best known on the Earth, there is evidence that it has been important in the development of other planets such as...

  from Indonesia
There are some 220 active volcanoes in Indonesia and many hundreds that are considered extinct. They run in a crescent-shaped line along the outer margin of the country through Sumatra and Java as far as Flores and then loop north through the Banda Sea to a junction with the volcanoes of northern...


Volcanoes with an attitude.
Discusses the danger of active volcanoes across the world in 1997. The likelihood of an eruption or landslide at Mount Ranier in Washington; The impact of the 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens; Major active volcanoes in Mexico, Italy and Japan; Advancements in eruption prediction capabilities; How volcanoes work; Efforts in the United States to more accurately predict eruptions; The interest people have in volcanoes. INSETS: Danger spots; Under the volcano.

Volcano tamers.
Popular Mechanics
Reports different news on volcanic eruptions and how earth tremor sensors and global communication networks make it possible to save millions of lives by predicting when volcanoes may erupt. How the residents near the Popocatepetl Volcano in Mexico City, and Soufriere Hill Volcano on the West Indies Island of Montserrat reacted to the warning; Use of bombs and other ways to successfully control the flow of lava.

Antarctica's `deep impact' threat.
Earth Island Journal
Focuses on the likely environmental impact of the disintegration of the Larsen B Ice Shelf in West Antarctica. Concerns of British scientists; Description of the ice on Antarctica; Discovery of active volcanoes there; Speculation on possible impact of ice melting in this region on sea levels; Comments from Nassau-based geologist Paul J. Hearty.

Did the Earth Move for You? The Social Seismology of a Natural Disaster in Maluku, Eastern Indonesi.
Australian Journal of Anthropology
Focuses on a study that explored the social seismology of a natural disaster in Maluku, Indonesia. Information on the volcano that erupted in 1968 on the island of Nila in Banda Sea; Social and economic effects of the natural disaster; Conclusion.

Failing flanks.
Reports on the results of a study of the stability of the Mombacho volcano in Nicaragua. Speculations on what causes the collapse of dormant volcanoes; Study on how to identify which volcano will or will not collapse.

Postcards from the edge.
Presents several photographs taken by the space probe Galileo of the planet Jupiter and its moons. Battered and scarred surface of the moon Callisto; Comparative size of the moons; Core differences among the moons.

Sounding the alarm.
UNESCO Courier
Presents information about improvements in disaster warning systems. Dangers of technical and natural risks; Implications and requirements of the concept of warning; Discussion about weather forecasting, volcanic eruption prediction, and earthquake prediction.

Sierra Club outings.
Presents an overview of the Sierra Club outing itinerary for 1998. Includes visit to North Woods Wild, Boundary Waters Canoe Area, Minnesota; Grand Alaska Wilderness cruise; Mountain trekking in the Brooks Range, Arctic Wildlife Refuge; Schedules; Price; Contact information.

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